What Is the Best Item Type and Delivery Method for Retrieval Practice?

That’s a trick question! Numerous item types—multiple choice, matching, fill-in, short answer, and extended response—work well. Furthermore, retrieval practice can be applied in a variety of ways, including flashcards, academic puzzles, games, mixed review sheets (like these), and even graphic organizers. Here are some of my favorite item types. Tell a three-sentence story. My friends […]

Mastering Mathematics with 21st Century Strategies

Retrieval practice, spaced practice, and interleaved practice are not new. Plenty of cognitive scientists and researchers have endorsed them, based on more than 100 years of research. Even so, these beneficial strategies have not been widely implemented in most elementary school classrooms. Why, then, do we call them 21st Century Strategies? Today, we understand the […]

summer slide

End the Summer Slide with Summer Solutions

Ahh, summer! Who doesn’t look forward to a couple months of warmth, sunshine, and some well-deserved R&R? Don’t worry, it’ll be here before you know it. But, as it so often goes, with the good comes the bad–the summer slide. The Research Parents, teachers, and researchers all know that summer learning loss, or the summer […]

Practice is Practice, Right?

Part 3: Help Students Understand the Benefits of Distributed Practice and Retrieval Practice In the last two blogs, we looked at distributed practice and retrieval practice—and why combining them is an effective way to increase long-term retention. Use this lesson to explain the strategies and help your students use them more. Just to review, retrieval […]

Retrieval Practice

Practice is Practice, Right?

Part 2: What’s the difference between distributed practice and retrieval practice? Like distributed practice, retrieval practice is a strategy. It involves getting students to remember (retrieve) what they’ve learned. Putting forth some effort and really thinking about a concept reinforces it and makes it easier to retrieve in the future. Think about the kinds of […]

practice

Practice is Practice, Right?

Part 1: Distributed Practice Practice is Practice, Right? Not really. There are so many kinds of practice—massed practice, distributed practice, retrieval practice, and interleaved practice, to name a few. And, each corresponds to a specific educational goal. Let’s sort them out. Let’s start with distributed practice, also known as spaced learning, and sometimes, spiraling. It’s […]